クラリベイト・アナリティクス引用栄誉賞

クラリベイト・アナリティクス引用栄誉賞は、クラリベイト・アナリティクスのデータベースを用いた論文・引用分析において、ノーベル賞クラスと目される研究者を発表するものです。世界トップクラスの研究者の功績を讃え広めることで、科学がより身近なものとして認知されることを目的に、2002年からノーベル賞に先駆けた発表を恒例化しています。

ノーベル賞の科学系4賞(医学・生理学、物理学、化学、経済学)と同カテゴリで構成されております。

クラリベイト・アナリティクス引用栄誉賞の選考基準

クラリベイト・アナリティクス引用栄誉賞は、過去20年以上にわたり、各分野通常1,000回以上引用されている学術論文を定量的に同定するところから始めます。続いて研究への貢献度、他賞受賞歴、過去のノーベル賞から予想される注目領域など、定性的な選考基準が加味されて選ばれています。

本賞は引用分析から「近い将来ノーベル賞を受賞する可能性の高い研究者」を発表することを目的としており、その年のノーベル賞受賞者を予測するものではありません。

選出に使用するデータベース

本賞は、世界最高水準の学術文献引用データベース「Web of ScienceTM Core Collection 」 を用いて、医学・生理学、物理学、化学、経済学のノーベル賞4分野において最も影響力があった研究者を分析・発表しています。当社の過去30年以上にわたる分析から、学術論文の被引用数と同分野における研究者間での高評価には、強い相関関係があることが分かっており、論文の引用頻度が高いことは、学術分野における影響度の大きさを示しています。

過去の日本人受賞者

2002-2016年に本賞を受賞した25名の日本人研究者についてはこちらをご覧ください(理化学研究所の十倉好紀氏は異なるトピックにより2回受賞)。

25名の受賞者のうち、山中伸弥氏は2012年にノーベル医学・生理学賞を、中村修二氏は2014年にノーベル物理学賞を、大隅良典氏は2016年にノーベル生理学・医学賞をそれぞれ受賞しています。

クラリベイト・アナリティクス引用栄誉賞 過去の受賞者一覧

過去に発表されたクラリベイト・アナリティクス引用栄誉賞受賞者は、以下の通りです。

• 2017年9月更新(   はノーベル賞受賞者、 は故人

医学・生理学

PHYSIOLOGY OR MEDICINE <医学・生理学>

トピック(カッコ内の日本語は参考訳、以下同じ): For discovery of the signaling pathway phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) and elucidation of its role in tumor growth(ホスホイノシチド3-キナーゼ (PI3K) シグナル伝達経路の発見および腫瘍増殖過程におけるその役割の解明)

Lewis C. Cantley (米国)
Meyer Director and Professor of Cancer Biology, Sandra and Edward Meyer Cancer Center, Weill Cornell Medical College New York, NY, USA

トピック: For fundamental contributions to the analysis of brain imaging data, specifically through statistical parametric mapping and voxel-based morphometry(統計的パラメトリックマッピング(SPM)とボクセル単位形態計測(VBM)による脳イメージング分析への基礎的貢献)

Karl J. Friston (米国)
Professor of Imaging Neuroscience and Wellcome Principal Research Fellow, Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging, University College London London, UK

トピック: For their discovery of the Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpes virus, or human herpesvirus 8 (KSHV/HHV8) (カポジ肉腫関連ヘルペスウイルス(KSHV)、またはヒトヘルペスウイルス8(KHV8)の発見 )

Yuan Chang (米国)
American Cancer Society Research Professor, Distinguished Professor of Pathology, and UPMC Endowed Chair in Cancer Virology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Patrick S. Moore (米国)
Director of the Cancer Virology Program, University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute, American Cancer Society Research Professor, Distinguished Professor of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics and the Pittsburgh Foundation Chair in Innovative Cancer Research, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine Pittsburgh, PA, USA

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物理学

PHYSICS <物理学>

トピック: For seminal contributions to carbon-based electronics(炭素系エレクトロニクスの将来的発展に対する貢献)

Phaedon Avouris (米国)
IBM Fellow and Group Leader for Nanometer Scale Science and Technology, Thomas J. Watson Research Center Yorktown Heights, NY, USA
Cornelis Dekker (オランダ)
Director of the Kavli Institute of Nanoscience, Delft University of Technology Delft, The Netherlands
Paul McEuen (米国)
John A. Newman Professor of Physical Science, Department of Physics, Cornell University Ithaca, NY, USA

トピック: For pioneering discoveries in nonlinear and chaotic physical systems and for identification of the Feigenbaum Constant(非線形およびカオス的な物理システムにおける先駆的発見、並びにファイゲンバウム定数の同定)

Mitchell J. Feigenbaum (米国)
Toyota Professor, Laboratory of Mathematical Physics, Rockefeller University New York, NY USA

トピック: For his profound contributions to our understanding of the universe, including its origins, galactic formation processes, disk accretion of black holes, and many other cosmological phenomena(宇宙の起源、銀河生成プロセス、ブラックホールの降着円盤、その他多くの宇宙関連現象の理解を深めたことへの貢献)

Rashid A. Sunyaev (ロシア/ドイツ)
Professor at the Institute of Physics and Technology in Moscow; Head of the High-Energy Astrophysics Department of the Institute for Space Research in Moscow (since 2002; Chief Scientist since 1992); and, Director and Scientific Member at the Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics in Garching, Germany (since 1996)

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化学

CHEMISTRY <化学>

トピック: For critical contributions to C-H functionalization(C-H活性化に対する決定的な貢献)

John E. Bercaw (米国)
Centennial Professor of Chemistry, Emeritus, Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Caltech Pasadena, CA, USA
Robert G. Bergman (米国)
Gerald E.K. Branch Distinguished Professor, Department of Chemistry, University of California Berkeley Berkeley, CA USA
Georgiy B. Shul‘pin (ロシア)
Senior Scientific Researcher, N. N. Semenov Institute of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences Moscow, Russia

トピック: For fundamental advances, theoretical and practical, in heterogeneous catalysis on solid surfaces ( 固体表面上の不均一系触媒に関する、理論的かつ実用的な基礎的進歩 )

Jens Nørskov (米国)
Leland T. Edwards Professor in the School of Engineering and Professor of Photon Science and Senior Fellow at the Precourt Institute for Energy, Department of Chemical Engineering, Stanford University Stanford, CA, USA

トピック: For their discovery and application of perovskite materials to achieve efficient energy conversion(効率的なエネルギー変換を達成するためのペロブスカイト材料の発見と応用)

宮坂 力 (日本)
桐蔭横浜大学 医用工学部 特任教授
関連論文(2012年) │ 関連論文(2009年)
Nam-Gyu Park (韓国)
Professor, School of Chemical Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University Seoul, South Korea
Henry J. Snaith (英国)
Professor in Physics, Clarendon Laboratory, University of Oxford Oxford, UK

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経済学

ECONOMIC SCIENCES <経済学>

トピック: For pioneering research in behavioral economics and in neuroeconomics (行動経済学および神経経済学の研究を開拓 )

Colin F. Camerer (米国)
Robert Kirby Professor of Behavioral Finance and Economics, Division of Humanities and Social Sciences, and Tianqiao and Chrissy Chen Center for Social and Decision Neuroscience Leadership Chair, Caltech Pasadena, CA, USA
George F. Loewenstein (米国)
Herbert A. Simon University Professor of Economics and Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University Pittsburgh, PA, USA

トピック: For his analysis of worker productivity and studies of recessions and unemployment ( 労働生産性に関する分析、および不況と失業に関する研究 )

Robert E. Hall (米国)
Robert and Carole McNeil Joint Hoover Senior Fellow and Professor of Economics, Stanford University Stanford, CA, USA

トピック: For their contributions illuminating the dimensions of decisions in corporate finance ( 企業財務(コーポレート・ファイナンス)意思決定の局面を解明 )

Michael C. Jensen (米国)
Jesse Isidor Straus Professor of Business Administration, Emeritus, Business School, Harvard University Cambridge, MA, USA
Stewart C. Myers (米国)
Robert C. Merton (1970) Professor of Financial Economics, Emeritus, Sloan School of Management, MIT Cambridge, MA, USA
Raghuram G. Rajan (米国)
Katherine Dusak Miller Distinguished Service Professor of Finance, Booth School of Business, University of Chicago Chicago, IL, USA

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医学・生理学

PHYSIOLOGY OR MEDICINE <医学・生理学>

トピック(カッコ内の日本語は参考訳、以下同じ): For elucidating programmed cell death-1 (PD-1) and its pathway, which has advanced cancer immunotherapy(プログラム細胞死1 ( PD - 1 )およびその経路の解明によりがん免疫療法の発展に貢献)

本庶 佑 (日本)
京都大学客員教授
関連論文(1992年) │ 
Gordon J. Freeman (米国)
Professor, Department of Medical Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School Boston, MA USA
Arlene H. Sharpe (米国)
George Fabyan Professor of Comparative Pathology, Department of Microbiology and Immunobiology, Harvard Medical School and Member, Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women’s Hospital Boston, MA USA

トピック: For explaining how CD28 and CTLA-4 are regulators of T cell activation, modulating immune response(免疫応答調節におけるCD28およびCTLA-4のT細胞活性化メカニズムを解明)

James P. Allison (米国)
Professor and Chair, Department of Immunology, M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, University of Texas Houston, TX USA
Jeffrey A. Bluestone (米国)
A.W. and Mary Margaret Clausen Distinguished Professor of Metabolism and Endocrinology, University of California San Francisco Medical School San Francisco, CA USA
Craig B. Thompson (米国)
President and CEO, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center New York, NY USA

物理学

PHYSICS <物理学>

トピック: For theoretical studies of solid materials, prediction of their properties, and especially for the empirical pseudopotential method(固体およびその特性の推測、特に経験的擬ポテンシャル法に関する理論的研究)

Marvin L. Cohen (米国)
University Professor, Department ofPhysics, University of California Berkeley Berkeley, CA USA

トピック: For the development of the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) that made possible the detection of gravitational waves(重力波の検知を可能にしたレーザー干渉計重力波天文台(LIGO)の開発)

Ronald W.P. Drever (米国)
Professor of Physics Emeritus, California Institute of Technology Pasadena, CA USA
Kip S. Thorne (米国)
Feynman Professor of Theoretical Physics Emeritus, California Institute of Technology Pasadena, CA USA
Rainer Weiss (米国)
Professor of Physics Emeritus, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA USA

トピック: For their description of a control theory of chaotic systems , the OGY method(カオス制御法であるOGY法の記述)

Celso Grebogi (英国)
Sixth Century Chair in Nonlinear and Complex Systems, School of Natural and Computing Sciences, University of Aberdeen Aberdeen, SCOTLAND
Edward Ott (米国)
Distinguished University Professor of Electrical Engineering and Physics, Institute for Research in Electronics and Applied Physics, Institute for Systems Research, University of Maryland College Park, MD USA
James A. Yorke (米国)
Distinguished University Professor of Mathematics and Physics, Institute for Physical Sciences and Technology, University of Maryland College Park, MD USA

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化学

CHEMISTRY <化学>

トピック: For discovering the enhanced permeability and retention (EPR) effect of macromolecular drugs, a key finding for cancer therapeutics(がん治療における高分子薬物の血管透過性・滞留性亢進(EPR)効果の発見)

前田 浩 (日本)
崇城大学DDS研究所 特任教授
熊本大学 名誉教授

関連論文(1986年) │ 

トピック: For application of CRISPR-cas9 gene editing in mouse and human cells(マウスおよびヒト細胞におけるゲノム編集手法CRISPR-cas9の適用)

George M. Church (米国)
Robert Winthrop Professor of Genetics, Harvard Medical School Boston, MA USA
Feng Zhang (米国)
W. M. Keck Career Development Professor of Biomedical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and Core Member, Broad Institute Cambridge, MA USA

経済学

ECONOMIC SCIENCES <経済学>

トピック: For contributions to macroeconomics, including determinants of economic fluctuations and employment(経済変動と雇用の決定要素を含むマクロ経済への貢献)

Olivier J. Blanchard (米国)
C. Fred Bergstrom Senior Fellow, Peterson Institute for International Economics, Washington, D.C. USA and Robert M. Solow Professor of Economics Emeritus, Department of Economics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Cambridge, MA USA

トピック: For his development of the distinctive field of personnel economics(独創的な人事経済学分野の創出)

Edward P. Lazear (米国)
Morris Arnold and Nona Jean Cox Senior Fellow, Hoover Institution, and Jack Steele Parker Professor of Human Resources, Management and Economics, Stanford Graduate School of Business Stanford, CA USA

トピック: For pioneering descriptions of firm heterogeneity and international trade(企業の異質性と国際貿易における先駆的な研究)

Marc J. Melitz (米国)
David A. Wells Professor of Political Economy, Department of Economics, Harvard University Cambridge, MA USA

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医学・生理学

PHYSIOLOGY OR MEDICINE <医学・生理学>

トピック: For independently identifying the mechanism by which unfolded proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum are detected and corrected (小胞体内の変性タンパク質の検出と修復によるメカニズムを独自に発見)

森 和俊(日本)
京都大学大学院理学研究科 教授
関連論文(1993年) | 引用情報付き論文リスト(ResearcherID)
Peter Walter(米国)
Professor and Howard Hughes Medical Institute Investigator, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, School of Medicine, University of California San Francisco
San Francisco, CA USA

トピック: For their seminal discoveries concerning the nature and function of regulatory T cells and the transcription factor Foxp3 (制御性T細胞と転写因子Foxp3の特性と機能に関する独創的な発見)

坂口 志文(日本)
大阪大学免疫学フロンティア研究センター(WPI-IFReC) 教授/副拠点長 大阪大学 特別教授
関連論文(2003年) | 引用情報付き論文リスト(ResearcherID) | ScienceWatch(英文:2004年)
Alexander Y. Rudensky (米国)
Chairman, Immunology Program; Director, Ludwig Center for Cancer Immunotherapy; Tri-Institutional Professor at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, The Rockefeller University and Cornell University; Professor, Gerstner Sloan-Kettering Graduate School; Professor, Weill Graduate School of Medical Sciences of Cornell University; Investigator, Howard Hughes Medical
New York, NY USA
Ethan M. Shevach (米国)
Chief, Cellular Immunology Section, National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
Bethesda, MD USA

トピック: For demonstrating the relationship between the human gut microbiome and physiology, metabolism, and nutrition (ヒトの腸内微生物叢とその生理、代謝作用、栄養吸収の関連性の実証)

Jeffrey I. Gordon (米国)
Dr. Robert J. Glaser Distinguished University Professor and Director of the Center of Genome Sciences and Systems Biology, School of Medicine, Washington University
St. Louis, St. Louis, MO USA

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物理学

PHYSICS <物理学>

トピック: For contributions to the development of attosecond physics (アト秒物理学の発展に対する貢献)

Paul B. Corkum (カナダ)
National Research Council-Canada Research Chair in Attosecond Photonics, University of Ottawa
Ottawa, ON CANADA
Ferenc Krausz (ドイツ)
Director and Scientific Member at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics, and Professor of Experimental Physics at Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich
Garching GERMANY

トピック: For pioneering research on atomic gases at ultra-cold temperatures and the creation of the first fermionic condensate (極低温における原子ガスおよび初のフェルミ凝縮の生成に関する先駆的研究)

Deborah S. Jin (米国)
Fellow, JILA, National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and Adjoint Professor of Physics, University of Colorado Boulder
Boulder, CO USA

トピック: For his invention of piezotronic and piezophototronic nanogenerators (圧電ナノジェネレータと、圧電フォトトロニックナノジェネレータの発明)

Zhong Lin Wang (米国)
Hightower Chair in Materials Science and Engineering, Regents’ Professor, College of Engineering Distinguished Professor, and Director, Center for Nanostructure Characterization, Georgia Institute of Technology
Atlanta, GA USA

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化学

CHEMISTRY <化学>

トピック: For foundational contributions to bioorthogonal chemistry (生体直交型反応に関する基礎的な研究)

Carolyn R. Bertozzi (米国)
Professor, Department of Chemistry, Stanford University
Stanford, CA USA

トピック: For the development of the CRISPR-cas9 method for genome editing (ゲノム編集手法CRISPR-cas9の開発)

Emmanuelle Charpentier (スウェーデン/ドイツ)
Associate Professor, Laboratory for Molecular Infection Medicine Sweden (MIMS, Swedish Node of the European Molecular Biology Laboratory [EMBL] Partnership for Molecular Medicine), Umeå University, Umeå, SWEDEN; Professor, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, GERMANY; and, Head, Department Regulation in Infection Biology, Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research Braunschweig, GERMANY
Jennifer A. Doudna (米国)
Investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Professor of Molecular and Cell Biology and of Chemistry, University of California Berkeley Berkeley, CA USA

トピック: For pioneering research leading to the development of the lithium-ion battery (リチウムイオン電池の開発を導いた先端的研究)

John B. Goodenough (米国)
Virginia H. Cockrell Centennial Chair in Engineering, University of Texas Austin
Austin TX USA
M. Stanley Whittingham (米国)
SUNY Distinguished Professor, Binghamton University (SUNY), Binghamton, NY and Research Professor and Director DOE NECCES EFRC, SUNY Stony Brook
Stony Brook, NY USA

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経済学

ECONOMIC SCIENCES <経済学>

トピック: For mircoeconometric research on labor markets and consumer behavior (労働市場と消費者行動に関するミクロ経済学の研究)

Sir Richard Blundell (英国)
David Ricardo Professor of Political Philosophy, Department of Economics, University College London
London UK

トピック: For advancing field experiments in economics (経済学における急成長分野の研究)

John A. List (米国)
Homer J. Livingston Professor of Economics, University of Chicago
Chicago, IL USA

トピック: For his description of partial identification and economic analysis of social interactions (社会相互作用についての部分識別および経済学的分析についての説明)

Charles F. Manski (米国)
Board of Trustees Professor in Economics, Northwestern University
Evanston, IL USA

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医学・生理学

PHYSIOLOGY OR MEDICINE <医学・生理学>

トピック: For fundamental discoveries concerning eukaryotic transcription and gene regulation (真核生物の転写因子と遺伝子制御に関する基礎的発見)

James E. Darnell, Jr. (米国)
Vincent Astor Professor Emeritus, Laboratory of Molecular Cell Biology, Rockefeller University
New York, NY USA
Robert G. Roeder (米国)
Arnold and Mabel Beckman Professor, Laboratory of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Rockefeller University
New York, NY USA
Robert Tjian (米国)
Professor of Biochemistry, Biophysics, and Structural Biology, Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California Berkeley, and President, Howard Hughes Medical Institute
Berkeley, CA, and Chevy Chase, MD USA

トピック: For elucidating molecular mechanisms of pain sensation (痛覚の分子レベルメカニズムの解明)

David Julius (米国)
Morris Herzstein Chair in Molecular Biology and Medicine, Professor and Chair of Physiology, University of California San Francisco
San Francisco, CA USA

トピック: For their discovery of large-scale copy number variation and its association with specific diseases (特定の疾患に対する大規模コピー数変異とその関連性に関する発見)

Charles Lee (米国)
Professor and Scientific Director of the Jackson Laboratory for Genomic Medicine
Farmington, CT USA
Stephen W. Scherer (カナダ)
Senior Scientist and Director, The Centre for Applied Genomics, The Hospital for Sick Children, Professor and Director, McLaughlin Centre, University of Toronto
Toronto ON CANADA
Michael H. Wigler (米国)
Professor and Head, Mammalian Cell Genetics Section, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory
Cold Spring Harbor, NY USA

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物理学

PHYSICS <物理学>

トピック: For their pioneering research on ferroelectric memory devices (Scott) and new multiferroic materials (Ramesh and Tokura)(強誘電体メモリデバイス(Scott氏)と新しいマルチフェロイック物質(十倉氏、Ramesh氏)に関する先駆的研究)

十倉 好紀 (日本)
独立行政法人理化学研究所 創発物性科学研究センター センター長 東京大学 大学院工学系研究科物理工学専攻 教授 
関連論文(2003) | 引用情報付き論文リスト(ResearcherID) | ScienceWatchインタビュー(英文:2010年)
Ramamoorthy Ramesh (米国)
Professor, Physics and MSE, and Associate Lab Director for Energy Technologies, University of California Berkeley
Berkeley, CA USA
James F. Scott (英国)
Director of Research, Department of Physics, University of Cambridge
Cambridge, UK

トピック: For theoretical and experimental research on the quantum spin hall effect and topological insulators (量子スピンホール効果とトポロジカル絶縁体に関する理論的・実験的研究)

Charles L. Kane (米国)
Class of 1965 Endowed Term Chair Professor of Physics, University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, PA USA
Laurens W. Molenkamp (ドイツ)
Professor of Physics and Chair of Experimental Physics, University of Würzburg
Würzburg, GERMANY
Shoucheng Zhang (米国)
J.G. Jackson and C.J. Wood Professor of Physics, Stanford University
Stanford, CA USA

トピック: For his contributions to nanowire photonics including the creation of first nanowire nanolaser (初のナノワイヤナノレーザの開発を含む、ナノワイヤフォトニクスに対する貢献)

Peidong Yang (米国)
S. K. and Angela Chan Distinguished Chair in Energy, Department of Chemistry, Materials Science and Engineering, University of California Berkeley, Kavli Energy Nanoscience Institute, and Materials Science Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Berkeley, CA USA

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化学

CHEMISTRY <化学>

トピック: For design of functional mesoporous materials (機能的なメソ多孔体材料の設計)

Charles T. Kresge (サウジアラビア)
Chief Technology Officer, Saudi Aramco
Dhahran, SAUDI ARABIA
Ryong Ryoo (韓国)
Director, Center for Nanomaterials and Chemical Reactions, Institute for Basic Science and Distinguished Professor, Department of Chemistry, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST)
Daejeon, SOUTH KOREA
関連論文(1999年)
Galen D. Stucky (米国)
E. Khashoggi Industries, LLC Professor in Letters and Science, University of California Santa Barbara
Santa Barbara, CA USA

トピック: For development of the reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization process (RAFT重合法の開発)

Graeme Moad (オーストラリア)
Chief Research Scientist, CSIRO
Clayton, Victoria, AUSTRALIA
Ezio Rizzardo (オーストラリア)
CSIRO Fellow, CSIRO
Clayton, Victoria, AUSTRALIA
San H. Thang (オーストラリア)
Chief Research Scientist, CSIRO
Clayton, Victoria, AUSTRALIA

トピック: For their invention of the organic light emitting diode (有機発光ダイオード(OLED)の発明)

Ching W. Tang (米国/中国 - 香港)
Professor of Chemical Engineering at University of Rochester, and Bank of East Asia Professor, Institute for Advanced Study, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology
Rochester, NY USA and Hong Kong, CHINA
Steven Van Slyke (米国)
Chief Technology Officer, Kateeva
Menlo Park, CA USA

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経済学

ECONOMIC SCIENCES <経済学>

トピック: For contributions to Schumpeterian growth theory (シュンペータリアン型成長理論に関する貢献)

Philippe M. Aghion (米国)
Robert C. Waggoner Professor of Economics, Harvard University
Cambridge, MA USA
Peter W. Howitt (米国)
Lyn Crost Professor Emeritus of Social Sciences and Professor Emeritus of Economics, Brown University
Providence, RI USA

トピック: For their advancement of the study of entrepreneurism (企業家論の研究の発展)

William J. Baumol (米国)
Professor of Economics and Harold Price Professor of Entrepreneurship, New York University
New York, NY USA
Israel M. Kirzner (米国)
Emeritus Professor of Economics, New York University
New York, NY USA

トピック: For his pioneering research in economic sociology (社会経済学の先駆的研究)

Mark S. Granovetter (米国)
Joan Butler Ford Professor and Chair of Sociology, and Joan Butler Ford Professor in the School of Humanities and Sciences, Stanford University
Stanford, CA USA

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医学・生理学

PHYSIOLOGY OR MEDICINE <医学・生理学>

トピック: For fundamental discoveries concerning eukaryotic transcription and gene regulation (真核生物の転写因子と遺伝子制御に関する基礎的発見)

大隅 良典 (日本) 2016
東京工業大学 フロンティア研究機構 特任教授
関連論文(1993年) │ 引用情報付き論文リスト(ResearcherID)
水島 昇 (米国)
東京大学大学院医学系研究科 分子細胞生物学分野 教授
関連論文(2004年) │ 引用情報付き論文リスト(ResearcherID)
Daniel J. Klionsky (米国)
Alexander G. Ruthven Professor of Life Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA

トピック: for their fundamental discoveries concerning DNA methylation and gene expression(DNAのメチル化および遺伝子発現に関する基礎的発見)

Adrian P. Bird (英国)
Buchanan Professor of Genetics, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
Howard Cedar (イスラエル)
Edmond J. Safra Distinguished Professor Emeritus, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel
Aharon Razin (イスラエル)
Professor of Biochemistry Emeritus, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem, Israel

トピック: for his pioneering research identifying the HER-2/neu oncogene, leading to more effective cancer therapy(HER-2/neu発がん遺伝子の先駆的研究により、効果的ながん治療をけん引)

Dennis J. Slamon (米国)
Professor, Chief, and Executive Vice Chair for Research, Department of Medicine, Hematology/Oncology and Director of Revlon/UCLA Women’s Cancer Research Program, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA

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物理学

PHYSICS <物理学>

トピック: for his discovery of iron-based superconductors(鉄系超伝導体の発見)

細野 秀雄 (米国)
東京工業大学 フロンティア研究機構&応用セラミックス研究所 教授
同学 元素戦略研究センター長
関連論文(2006年) │ 引用情報付き論文リスト(ResearcherID)

トピック: for their prediction of the Brout-Englert-Higgs boson(ヒッグス粒子(BEH粒子)に関する予測)

François Englert (ベルギー、米国) 2013
Professor Emeritus and Distinguished Visiting Professor in Residence, Chapman Institute for Quantum Studies, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium and Chapman University, Orange, CA, USA
関連論文(1964年)
Peter W. Higgs (英国) 2013
Professor Emeritus, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
関連論文(1964年) │ 関連論文(1964年)

トピック: for their discoveries of extrasolar planets(太陽系外惑星に関する発見)

Geoffrey W. Marcy (米国)
Professor of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, USA
Michel Mayor (スイス)
Emeritus Professor, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
Didier Queloz (英国、スイス)
Professor, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK and University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland

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化学

CHEMISTRY <化学>

トピック: for contributions to DNA nanotechnology(DNAナノテクノロジーへの貢献)

A. Paul Alivisatos (米国)
Samsung Distinguished Professor of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, and Professor of Chemistry and Materials Science and Engineering, and Director of Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, USA
Chad A. Mirkin (米国)
George B. Rathmann Professor of Chemistry, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA
Nadrian C. Seeman (米国)
Margaret and Herman Sokol Professor of Chemistry, New York University, New York, NY USA

トピック: for the invention of the Ames test of mutagenicity(エームス試験の考案)

Bruce N. Ames (米国)
Senior Scientist and Professor Emeritus, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Children’s Hospital Oakland Research Institute, Oakland, CA and University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, USA

トピック: for the development of modular click chemistry(モジュール式クリックケミストリーの発展)

M. G. Finn (米国)
Professor of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, USA
Valery V. Fokin (米国)
Associate Professor of Chemistry, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA, USA
K. Barry Sharpless (米国) 2001
W.M. Keck Professor of Chemistry, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA, USA

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経済学

ECONOMIC SCIENCES <経済学>

トピック: for their advancement of empirical microeconomics(実証的ミクロ経済学への貢献)

Joshua D. Angrist (米国)
Ford Professor of Economics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, USA
David E. Card (米国)
Class of 1950 Professor of Economics, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, USA
Alan B. Krueger (米国)
Bendheim Professor of Economics, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, USA

トピック: for their contributions to economic time-series, including modeling, testing and forecasting(経済学におけるモデリング・計測・予測などに関する貢献)

Sir David F. Hendry (英国)
Professor of Economics, University of Oxford, Oxford, England, UK
M. Hashem Pesaran (英国、米国)
John Elliot Distinguished Chair in Economics & Professor of Economics, and Emeritus Professor of Economics & Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA and University of Cambridge, Cambridge, England, UK
Peter C.B. Phillips (米国)
Sterling Professor of Economics and Professor of Statistics, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA

トピック: for extending economic theories of regulation(規制に関する経済理論の拡張)

Sam Peltzman (米国)
Ralph and Dorothy Keller Distinguished Service Professor of Economics Emeritus, University of Chicago Booth School of Business, Chicago, IL, USA
Richard A. Posner (米国)
Judge, United States Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals, and Senior Lecturer, University of Chicago Law School, Chicago, IL, USA

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医学・生理学

PHYSIOLOGY OR MEDICINE <医学・生理学>

トピック: for pioneering discoveries of cell adhesion molecules, Hynes and Ruoslahti for integrins and Takeichi for cadherins (細胞接着分子カドヘリンの発見(竹市氏)、細胞接着分子インテグリンの発見(Hynes氏、Ruoslahti 氏)

竹市 雅俊 (日本)
理化学研究所 発生・再生科学総合研究センター センター長
Richard O. Hynes (米国)
Daniel K. Ludwig Professor for Cancer Research, David H. Koch Institute for Integrative Cancer Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Howard Hughes Medical Institute Investigator , Cambridge, MA USA
Erkki Ruoslahti (米国)
Distinguished Professor, Center for Nanomedicine, Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute, University of California Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA USA

トピック: for fundamental discoveries concerning histone modifications and their role in genetic regulation (ヒストン修節とその遺伝的調節における役割に関する基礎的発見)

C. David Allis (米国)
Tri-Institutional Professor and Joy and Jack Fishman Professor, Head, Laboratory of Chromatin Biology and Epigenetics, Rockefeller University, New York, NY USA
Michael Grunstein (米国)
Distinguished Professor of Biological Chemistry, Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA USA

物理学

PHYSICS <物理学>

トピック: for their pioneering description of a protocol for quantum teleportation, which has since been experimentally verified (量子テレポーテーションに関する先駆的研究)

Charles H. Bennett (米国)
IBM Fellow, Thomas J. Watson Research Center, IBM Corporation, Yorktown Heights, NY USA
Gilles Brassard (カナダ)
Canada Research Chair in Quantum Information Processing, University of Montreal, Montreal, Quebec CANADA
William K. Wootters (米国)
Barclay Jermain Professor of Natural Philosophy, Department of Physics, Williams College, Williamstown, MA USA

トピック: for discovery of photoluminescence in porous silicon (ポーラス・シリコンのフォトルミネセンスに関する発見)

Leigh T. Canham (英国)
Chief Scientific Officer, pSiMedica Ltd., Malvern, Honorary Professor, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, England, UNITED KINGDOM

トピック: Harris for the experimental demonstration of electromagnetically induced transparency, and Harris and Hau of 'slow light'(電磁誘導透過(Harris氏)と、その「遅い光」に関する実験的実証(Harris氏、Hau氏))

Stephen E. Harris (米国)
Kenneth and Barbara Oshman Professor of Electrical Engineering and Professor of Applied Physics Emeritus, Stanford University, Stanford, CA USA
Lene V. Hau (米国)
Mallinckrodt Professor of Physics and Applied Physics, School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA USA

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化学

CHEMISTRY <化学>

トピック: for the discovery of photocatalytic properties of titanium dioxide (the Honda-Fujishima Effect)(本多・藤嶋効果(酸化チタンの光触媒反応)の発見)

藤嶋 昭 (日本)
東京理科大学 学長、東京大学 特別栄誉教授、(財)神奈川科学技術アカデミー 最高顧問


経済学

ECONOMIC SCIENCES <経済学>

トピック: Atkinson for studies of income inequality and contributions to welfare state and public sector economics, and Deaton for empirical research on consumption, income and savings, poverty and health, and well-being(公共経済と福祉国家における所得の不平等に関する研究(Atkinson氏)、消費、収入、貯蓄、貧困、健康、健康・幸福に関する実証的研究(Deaton氏))

Angus S. Deaton (米国) 2015
Dwight D. Eisenhower Professor of International Affairs and Professor of Economics and International Affairs, Woodrow Wilson School, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ USA
Sir Anthony B. Atkinson (英国)
Research Professor, Department of Economics, Oxford University, Oxford, England UNITED KINGDOM

トピック: for his arbitrage pricing theory and other fundamental contributions to finance (最低価格決定理論および金融に関するそのほか基本的な貢献)

Stephen A. Ross (米国)
Franco Modigliani Professor of Financial Economics and Professor of Finance The MIT Sloan School of Management, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge MA USA

トピック: for pioneering contributions to financial market volatility and the dynamics of asset prices (金融市場の不安定性および資産価格の力学に関する先駆的貢献)

Robert J. Shiller (米国) 2013
Arthur M. Okun Professor of Economics, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics and Professor of Finance, The International Center for Finance, Yale University, New Haven, CT USA

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医学・生理学

PHYSIOLOGY OR MEDICINE <医学・生理学>

トピック: for their development of imatinib and dasatinib, revolutionary, targeted treatments for chronic myeloid leukemia (慢性骨髄性白血病(CML)に対する革新的な分子標的治療薬であるイマチニブとダサチニブの開発)

Brian J. Druker (米国)
Professor of Medicine, JELD-WEN Chair of Leukemia Research, and Director, OHSU Knight Cancer Institute, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland OR USA. Also, Howard Hughes Medical Institute Investigator.
Nicholas B. Lydon (米国)
Founder, Granite Biopharma, LLC, Jackson Hole, WY USA; Co-founder and Director, AnaptysBio, San Diego, CA USA; and Co-founder and Director, Blueprint Medicines, Cambridge, MA USA
Charles L. Sawyers (米国)
Marie-Josée and Henry R. Kravis Chair in Human Oncology and Pathogenesis, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY USA. Also, Howard Hughes Medical Institute Investigator.

トピック: for their pioneering research in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine (ティッシュエンジニアリング/再生医療分野における先駆的研究)

Robert S. Langer (米国)
David H. Koch Institute Professor, Department of Chemical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA USA
Joseph P. Vacanti (米国)
John Homans Professor of Surgery, Harvard Medical School; Surgeon-in-Chief and Chief of the Department of Pediatric Surgery and Director of the Laboratory for Tissue Engineering and Organ Fabrication, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA USA

トピック: for his discovery of the function of the thymus and the identification of T cells and B cells in mammalian species (哺乳類における胸腺機能の発見およびT細胞とB細胞の同定)

Jacques F. A. P. Miller (オーストラリア)
Emeritus Professor, Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research and the University of Melbourne, Parkville, Melbourne, Australia

トピック: for their discovery of two types of T lymphocytes, TH1 and TH2, and their role in regulating host immune response (2つのタイプのTリンパ球、TH1およびTH2の発見と宿主免疫応答制御における役割)

Robert L. Coffman (米国)
Vice President and Chief Scientific Officer, Dynavax Technologies, Berkeley, CA USA
Timothy R. Mosmann (米国)
Professor, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, and Michael and Angela Pichichero Director in the David H. Smith Center for Vaccine Biology and Immunology, University of Rochester Medical Center, University of Rochester, Rochester,NY USA

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物理学

PHYSICS <物理学>

トピック: for contributions to ferromagnetism in diluted magnetic semiconductors (希薄磁性半導体における強磁性の特性と制御に関する研究)

大野 英男 (日本)
東北大学 電気通信研究所・教授 東北大学 省エネルギー・スピントロニクス集積化システムセンター・センター長

トピック: for their tests of Bell's inequalities and research on quantum entanglement (ベルの不等式の検証と量子もつれに関する研究)

Alain Aspect (フランス)
CNRS Distinguished Scientist and Head of the Atom Optics Group, Laboratoire Charles Fabry, Institut d’Optique, Palaiseau France. Also, Professor at the Institut d’Optique and at the Ecole Polytechnique
John F. Clauser (米国)
Research Physicist, J.F. Clauser & Associates, Walnut Creek, CA USA
Anton Zeilinger (オーストリア)
Full Professor of Experimental Physics, University of Vienna, and Scientific Director, Institute of Quantum Optics and Quantum Information, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna Austria

化学

CHEMISTRY <化学>

トピック: for the development and application of scanning electrochemical microscopy (走査型電気化学顕微鏡(SECM)の開発と応用)

Allen J. Bard (米国)
Hackerman-Welch Regents Chair in Chemistry and Director of the Center for Electrochemistry, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Texas at Austin, Austin TX USA

トピック: for the invention and development of dendritic polymers (デンドリマーの発明と開発)

Jean M. J. Fréchet (米国/サウジアラビア)
Professor of Chemistry and of Chemical Engineering and Henry Rapoport Chair of Organic Chemistry, Department of Chemistry, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley CA USA, and Vice President of Research, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Donald A. Tomalia (米国)
Distinguished Professor and Research Scientist, Department of Chemistry. and Director of the National Dendrimer and Nanotechnology Center, Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, MI USA. Also, Chief Scientific Officer, Dendritic Nanotechnologies, Inc., Mount Pleasant, MI USA
Fritz Vögtle (ドイツ)
Emeritus Professor, Kekulé Institute for Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Bonn (Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn), Bonn Germany

トピック: for pioneering simulations of the molecular dynamics of biomolecules (生体高分子の分子力学シミュレーションへの貢献)

Martin Karplus (米国/フランス) 2013
Theodore William Richards Emeritus Professor of Chemistry, Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA USA and Director, Laboratory of Biophysical Chemistry, ISIS, Louis Pasteur University, Strasbourg, France

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経済学

ECONOMIC SCIENCES <経済学>

トピック: for his analysis of financial intermediation and monitoring (金融仲介とモニタリングの分析)

Douglas W. Diamond (米国)
Merton H. Miller Distinguished Service Professor of Finance, Graduate School of Business, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL USA

トピック: for their contributions to econometrics, specifically the Hausman specification test and the White standard errors test (計量経済学、特にハウスマン検定およびホワイトの標準誤差検定への貢献)

Jerry A. Hausman (米国)
John and Jennie S. MacDonald Professor, Department of Economics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA USA
Halbert L. White, Jr. (米国)
Chancellor’s Associates Distinguished Professor of Economics, Department of Economics, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA USA

トピック: for their description of rent-seeking behavior and its implications (レントシーキング活動とその意味の概念化)

Anne O. Krueger (米国)
Professor of International Economics, Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University, Washington, DC USA
Gordon Tullock (米国)
Professor Emeritus of Law and Economics, George Mason University School of Law, Arlington, VA USA

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医学・生理学

PHYSIOLOGY OR MEDICINE <医学・生理学>

トピック: for the discovery of stem cells (McCulloch and Till) and the development of induced pluripotent stem cells (山中氏)(幹細胞の発見、および人工多能性幹細胞(iPS細胞)の開発)

山中 伸弥 (日本/米国) 2012
京都大学iPS細胞研究所長・物質-細胞統合システム拠点(iCeMS)教授 グラッドストーン研究所 上席研究員
Ernest A. McCulloch (カナダ)
Senior Scientist, Ontario Cancer Institute, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
James E. Till (カナダ)
Senior Scientist, Ontario Cancer Institute, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

トピック: for the discovery of leptin, a hormone regulating appetite and metabolism (食欲と代謝の調節ホルモン、レプチンの発見)

Douglas L. Coleman (米国)
Senior Staff Scientist Emeritus, Jackson Laboratory, Bar Harbor, ME USA
Jeffrey M. Friedman (米国)
Marilyn M. Simpson Professor, Laboratory of Molecular Genetics, Rockefeller University, New York, NY USA, and Investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

トピック: for the discovery of dendritic cells, key regulators of immune response(免疫応答の主要な調節因子である樹状細胞の発見)

Ralph M. Steinman (米国) 2011
Henry G. Kunkel Professor and Senior Physician, Laboratory of Cellular Physiology and Immunology, Rockefeller University, New York, NY USA

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物理学

PHYSICS <物理学>

トピック: for discoveries deriving from the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP), including the age of the universe, its topography, and its composition(ウィルキンソン・マイクロ波異方性探査機(WMAP)から届いたデータによる発見)

Charles L. Bennett (米国)
Professor of Physics & Astronomy, Department of Physics & Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD USA, and Senior Scientist for Experimental Cosmology, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD USA
Lyman A. Page (米国)
Henry DeWolf Smyth Professor of Physics, Department of Physics, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ USA
David N. Spergel (米国)
Charles Young Professor on the Class of 1897 Foundation and Chair, Department of Astrophysical Sciences, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ USA

トピック: for observation and explanation of the transmission of light through subwavelength holes, which ignited the field of surface plasmon photonics(表面プラズモンなど、サブ波長格子アレイからの光透過に関する研究)

Thomas W. Ebbesen (フランス)
Professor, University of Strasbourg, and Director, ISIS (Institute of Science and Supramolecular Engineering), Strasbourg, France

トピック: for discoveries of the accelerating rate of the expansion of the universe, and its implications for the existence of dark energy(宇宙膨張の加速と、その意味するダークエネルギーの存在に関する発見)

Saul Perlmutter (米国) 2011
Professor, Department of Physics, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, CA USA, and Senior Scientist, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA USA
Adam G. Riess (米国) 2011
Professor, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD USA, and Senior Member, Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD USA
Brian P. Schmidt (オーストラリア) 2011
Australian Research Council Federation Fellow, Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics, Australian National University, Weston Creek, Australia

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化学

CHEMISTRY <化学>

トピック: for the design and development of porous metal-organic frameworks, whose applications include hydrogen and methane storage, gas purification, and gas separation, among others(多孔性金属-有機骨格の合成法および機能化学の開拓、およびその水素とメタンなどの気体の貯蔵、精製、分離などへの応用)

北川 進 (日本)
京都大学 物質-細胞統合システム拠点(iCeMS) 副拠点長・教授
Omar M. Yaghi (米国)
Jean Stone Professor, Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA USA

トピック: for the invention and application of DNA microarrays, a revolutionary tool in the study of variations in gene expression(遺伝子発現差異研究における革新的ツール、DNAマイクロアレイの発明と応用)

Patrick O. Brown (米国)
Professor, Department of Biochemistry, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA USA, and Investigator, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

トピック: for pioneering research in bioinorganic chemistry, including the discovery of metallointercalators to disrupt DNA replication, an important contribution to improved cancer therapy(がん治療の改善における重要な貢献である、DNA複製を阻害するインターカーレーターの発見を含む無機生物化学における先駆的研究)

Stephen J. Lippard (米国)
Arthur Amos Noyes Professor, Department of Chemistry, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA USA

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経済学

ECONOMIC SCIENCES <経済学>

トピック: for formulation of the Kiyotaki-Moore model, which describes how small shocks to an economy may lead to a cycle of lower output resulting from a decline in collateral values that creates a restrictive credit environment(経済に対しての小さなショックがどのように生産性下落の循環を引き起こすかを示す清滝ムーアモデルの構築)

清滝 信宏 (米国)
プリンストン大学教授(経済学)
Professor of Economics, Department of Economics, Princeton University, Princeton NJ USA
John H. Moore (スコットランド/英国)
George Watson’s and Daniel Stewart’s Professor of Political Economics, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, Scotland, and Professor of Economics, Department of Economics, London School of Economics, London, England

トピック: for theoretical and empirical studies on the relationship between politics and macroeconomics, and specifically for research on politico-economic cycles(政治とマクロ経済学との関係、特に政治経済サイクルに関する研究)

Alberto Alesina (米国)
Nathaniel Ropes Professor of Political Economics, Department of Economics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA USA

トピック: for pioneering empirical research in social economics, including wage inequality and labor demand, unemployment, addiction, and the economic return of investment in medical research, among other topics(賃金格差と労働需要、失業、依存症、医学研究への投資の経済的回収を含む、社会経済学における先駆的研究)

Kevin M. Murphy (米国)
George J. Stigler Distinguished Service Professor of Economics, University of Chicago Booth School of Business, Chicago, IL USA, and Senior Fellow, Hoover Institution, Stanford CA USA

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医学・生理学

PHYSIOLOGY OR MEDICINE <医学・生理学>

トピック: for his fundamental discoveries leading to functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), which has revolutionized basic research in brain science and diagnosis in clinical medicine (fMRI(磁気共鳴機能画像法)の基本原理の発見)

小川 誠二 (日本)
元 財団法人濱野生命科学研究財団 小川脳機能研究所所長 東北福祉大学 特任教授
論文1 (1990年) | 論文2 (1992年) | 論文3 (1990年) | 論文4 (1993年)

トピック: for their roles in the discovery of and pioneering research on telomeres and telomerases (テロメア、テロメラーゼの発見とその先駆的な研究)

Elizabeth H. Blackburn (米国) 2009
Morris Herztein Professor of Biology and Physiology, Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA
論文1 (1991年) | 論文2 (1985年) | 論文3 (1989年) | 論文4 (2001年)
Carol W. Greider (米国) 2009
Daniel Nathans Professor and Director, Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA
論文1 (1990年) | 論文2 (1992年) | 論文3 (1995年) | 論文4 (1985年)
Jack W. Szostak (米国) 2009
Professor of Genetics, Harvard Medical School, and Alexander Rich Distinguished Investigator at Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA; also, Howard Hughes Medical Institute Investigator
論文1 (1983年) | 論文2 (1990年) | 論文3 (1981年) | 論文4 (1984年)

トピック: for their research on cellular membrane trafficking (細胞内膜交通の研究)

James E. Rothman (米国) 2013
Fergus F. Wallace Professor of Biomedical Sciences, Professor and Chairman of Cell Biology, Professor of Chemistry, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA
論文1 (1993年) | 論文2 (1994年) | 論文3 (1998年) | 論文4 (1993年)
Randy Schekman (米国) 2013
Professor of Cell and Developmental Biology, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, USA; also, Howard Hughes Medical Institute Investigator
論文1 (1988年) | 論文2 (1980年) | 論文3 (1996年) | 論文4 (1994年)

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物理学

PHYSICS <物理学>

トピック: for their discovery of the Aharonov-Bohm Effect and the related Berry Phase, respectively (アハラノフ・ボーム効果の発見、ベリーの位相の発見)

Yakir Aharonov (米国/イスラエル)
Professor, Department of Physics, Computational Science and Engineering, Chapman University, Orange, CA, USA; also, Emeritus Professor, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel, and University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, USA (joint appointment)
論文1 (1959年) | 論文2 (1987年) | 論文3 (1984年) | 論文4 (1990年)
Sir Michael V. Berry (英国)
FRS, Melville Wills Professor of Physics Emeritus, Department of Physics, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
論文1 (1984年) | 論文2 (1972年) | 論文3 (1974年) | 論文4 (1985年)

トピック: for their pioneering research on quantum optics and quantum computing (量子光学と量子計算に関する先駆的な研究)

Juan Ignacio Cirac (ドイツ)
Director of Theory Division, Max Planck Institute for Quantum Optics, Garching, Germany
論文1 (1995年) | 論文2 (1998年) | 論文3 (2000年) | 論文4 (2000年)
Peter Zoller (オーストリア)
Professor of Physics, Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of Innsbruck, and Scientific Director, Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, Innsbruck, Austria
論文1 (1995年) | 論文2 (1998年) | 論文3 (2000年) | 論文4 (1997年)

トピック: for their prediction and discovery of negative refraction(負の屈折の予測と発見)

Sir John B. Pendry (英国)
FRS, Professor of Theoretical Solid State Physics and Head of the Condensed Matter Theory Group, Imperial College of Science and Technology, London, UK
論文1 (2000年) | 論文2 (1999年) | 論文3 (1996年) | 論文4 (1975年)
Sheldon Schultz (米国)
Research Professor of Physics, Department of Physics, University of California San Diego, San Diego, CA, USA
論文1 (2001年) | 論文2 (2000年) | 論文3 (2002年) | 論文4 (2001年)
David R. Smith (米国)
William Bevan Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering and Director of the Center for Metamaterial and Integrated Plasmonics, Duke University, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
論文1 (2001年) | 論文2 (2000年) | 論文3 (2006年) | 論文4 (2006年)

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化学

CHEMISTRY <化学>

トピック: for his invention of dye-sensitized solar cells, now known as Gratzel cells (色素増感太陽電池「グレッツェルセル」の発明)

Michael Gratzel (スイス)
Professor and Director, Laboratory of Photonics and Interfaces, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (EPFL), Lausanne, Switzerland
論文1 (1991年) | 論文2 (1993年) | 論文3 (1995年) | 論文4 (1996年)

トピック: for their pioneering research on electron charge transfer in DNA (DNA内の電子電荷移動に関する先駆的な研究)

Jacqueline K. Barton (米国)
Arthur and Marian Hanisch Memorial Professor of Chemistry and Chair of the Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, USA
論文1 (1999年) | 論文2 (1986年) | 論文3 (1993年) | 論文4 (1996年)
Bernd Giese (スイス)
Professor, Department of Chemistry, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
論文1 (1983年) | 論文2 (1998年) | 論文3 (2000年) | 論文4 (2001年)
Gary B. Schuster (米国)
Provost and Professor, School of Chemistry, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, USA
論文1 (2000年) | 論文2 (1999年) | 論文3 (1979年) | 論文4 (1997年)

トピック: for his development of organic asymmetric catalysis using enamines (エナミンを使った有機不斉触媒反応の発展)

Benjamin List (ドイツ)
Professor and Director, Max Planck Institute for Coal Research, Mulheim an der Ruhr, Germany, and Honorary Professor, University of Cologne, Germany
論文1 (2000年) | 論文2 (2002年) | 論文3 (2000年) | 論文4 (2002年)

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経済学

ECONOMIC SCIENCES <経済学>

トピック: for their contributions to behavioral economics, including issues of preferences, fairness, and cooperation(社会的選好、公平性、協調を含む行動経済学への貢献)

Ernst Fehr (スイス)
Professor and Director of the Institute for Empirical Research in Economics, University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland
論文1 (1999年) | 論文2 (2002年) | 論文3 (2000年) | 論文4 (2000年)
Matthew J. Rabin (米国)
Edward G. and Nancy S. Jordan Professor of Economics, Department of Economics, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, CA, USA
論文1 (1993年) | 論文2 (1998年) | 論文3 (1999年) | 論文4 (2002年)

トピック: for their contributions to environmental economics, particularly with respect to climate change (環境経済学、特に気候変動に対する貢献)

William D. Nordhaus (米国)
Sterling Professor of Economics, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA
論文1 (1975年) | 論文2 (1991年) | 論文3 (1994年) | 論文4 (1992年)
Martin L. Weitzman (米国)
Professor of Economics, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA
論文1 (1974年) | 論文2 (1992年) | 論文3 (1976年) | 論文4 (1979年)

トピック: for their research on monetary policy (金融政策に関する研究)

John B. Taylor (米国)
Mary and Robert Raymond Professor of Economics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA, and Bowen H. and Mary Arthur McCoy Senior Fellow, Hoover Institution, Stanford, CA, USA
論文1 (1980年) | 論文2 (1979年) | 論文3 (1977年) | 論文4 (1979年)
Jordi Gali (スペイン)
Professor, Department of Economics, and Director of the Center for Research in International Economics, Pompeu Fabra University, Barcelona, Spain
論文1 (1999年) | 論文2 (2000年) | 論文3 (1999年) | 論文4 (1998年)
Mark L. Gertler (米国)
Henry and Lucy Moses Professor of Economics, New York University, New York, NY, USA
論文1 (1999年) | 論文2 (1989年) | 論文3 (2000年) | 論文4 (1999年)

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医学・生理学

PHYSIOLOGY OR MEDICINE <医学・生理学>

トピック: トール様受容体と先天免疫の研究

審良 静男(あきら しずお) (日本)
大阪大学免疫学フロンティア研究センター拠点長、大阪大学微生物研究所教授 生体防御研究部門
論文1(2004年) | 論文2 (2001年)
Bruce A. Beutler (米国) 2011
Professor and Chairman, Department of Genetics, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, Calif., USA
Jules A. Hoffman (フランス) 2011
President, French Academy of Sciences, Paris, France

トピック: 遺伝子制御におけるmiRNAの役割の発見と分析の研究

Victor R. Ambros (米国)
Professor, Department of Molecular Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Mass., USA
Gary Ruvkun (米国)
Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, Mass., USA

トピック: 臨床医学と疫学における、メタ分析の開発と応用

Rory Collins (英国)
Professor of Medical Statistics and Epidemiology and Co-director of the Clinical Trial Service Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
論文1(2002年) | 論文2(1998年) | 論文3(1998年)
Sir Richard Peto, F.R.S. (英国)
Professor of Medical Statistics and Epidemiology and Co-director of the Clinical Trial Service Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
論文1(1997年) | 論文2(1995年) | 論文3(1994年)

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物理学

PHYSICS <物理学>

トピック: 炭素の単原子シート、グラフェンの発見と分析

Andre K. Geim, F.R.S. (英国) 2010
Langworthy Research Professor, Chair of Condensed Matter Physics and Director of Manchester Centre for Mesoscience and Nanotechnology, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK
論文1(2005年)論文2(2007年)論文3(2006年)論文4(2005年)
Kostya Novoselov (英国) 2010
Royal Society Research Fellow, Department of Condensed Matter Physics, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK

トピック: 暗黒物質(Dark Matter)の存在

Vera C. Rubin (米国)
Senior Fellow, Department of Terrestrial Magnetism, Carnegie Institution for Science, Washington, D.C., USA

トピック: ペンローズ・タイルと準結晶の、それぞれの関連発見

Dan Shechtman (米国) 2011
Philip Tobias Professor of Materials Science, Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel; and Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa, USA
Sir Roger Penrose, O.M., F.R.S. (英国)
Emeritus Rouse Ball Professor of Mathematics, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK

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化学

CHEMISTRY <化学>

トピック: ナノワイヤー、ナノ材料とその応用

Charles M. Lieber (米国)
Mark Hyman, Jr, Professor of Chemistry, Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass, USA
論文1(1998年)論文2(1998年)論文3(1998年)論文4(1997年)

トピック: 原子移動ラジカル重合法(ATRP)と「リビング」重合の研究

Krzysztof Matyjaszewski (米国)
J.C. Warner University Professor of Natural Sciences, Department of Chemistry, Carnegie Mello University, Pittsburgh, Pa, USA
論文1(2001年)論文2(2001年)論文3(1998年)論文4(1997年)

トピック: 細胞機能の可視標識としての蛍光蛋白質プローブの開発および応用

Roger Y. Tsien (米国) 2008
Professor of Pharmacology and Professor of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, Calif., USA; Howard Hughes Medical Institute Investigator
論文(1985年)

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経済学

ECONOMIC SCIENCES <経済学>

トピック: ダイナミック計量経済学モデルへの貢献

Lars P. Hansen (米国) 2013
Homer J. Livingston Distinguished Service Professor, Department of Economics, University of Chicago, Chicago, Ill., USA
Thomas J. Sargent (米国) 2011
William R. Berkley Professor of Economics and Business, Department of Economics, New York University, New York, N.Y., USA; Senior Fellow, Hoover Institution, Stanford, Calif., USA
Christopher A. Sims (米国) 2011
Harold B. Helms Professor of Economics and Banking, Department of Economics, Princeton University, Princeton, N.J., USA

トピック: 財産権の公開および企業理論に対する貢献

Armen A. Alchian (米国)
Emeritus Professor, Department of Economics, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, Calif., USA
Harold Demsetz (米国)
Arthur Andersen UCLA Alumni Emeritus Professor of Business Economics, Department of Economics, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, Calif., USA

トピック: 税制・社会保障・健康経済学その他様々な公共経済学に関する研究

Martin S. Feldstein (米国)
George F. Baker Professor of Economics, Department of Economics, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass., USA; President Emeritus, National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge, Mass., USA

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医学・生理学

PHYSIOLOGY OR MEDICINE <医学・生理学>

トピック: タンパク質の高次構造形成における分子シャペロンの役割の理解への貢献に対して

R. John Ellis, F.R.S. (英国)
Professor, Emeritus, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Warwick, Warwick, UK
F. Ulrich Hartl (ドイツ)
Managing Director, Max Planck Institute for Biochemistry, Department of Cellular Biochemistry, Martinsried, Germany
Arthur Horwich (米国)
Eugene Higgins Professor of Genetics and Pediatrics at Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA; Howard Hughes Investigator (米国)

トピック: 成体におけるニューロン新生に関する革新的な発見に対して

Fred H. Gage (米国)
Professor, Laboratory of Genetics, Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, CA, USA

トピック: トランスフォーミング成長因子βと、通常細胞の作用、腫瘤形成および転移を制御するその役割に関する重要な研究に対して

Joan Massague (米国)
Chairman of Cell Biology Program at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA; Professor, Weill-Cornell University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, New York, NY, USA; Howard Hughes Investigator

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物理学

PHYSICS <物理学>

トピック: 物理、化学分野の革命を起こすきっかけとなったカーボンナノチューブの先駆的な研究に対して

飯島 澄男 (日本)
名城大学 教授、 日本電気株式会社 特別主席研究員

トピック: ニュートリノ振動および質量の発見における指導的役割に対して

戸塚 洋二 (日本)
高エネルギー加速器研究機構 前機構長、東京大学 特別栄誉教授
Arthur B. McDonald (カナダ) 2015
Director, Sudbury Neutrino Observatory Institute; Gordon and Patricia Gray Chair in Particle Astrophysics, Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada

トピック: 宇宙論、特に近年のガンマ線バーストに関する研究への貢献に対して

Martin J. Rees, F.R.S. (Lord Rees of Ludlow) (英国)
Astronomer Royal; Professor of Cosmology and Astrophysics, Institute of Astronomy, University of Cambridge; Master of Trinity College at the University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK

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化学

CHEMISTRY <化学>

トピック: 生理活性物質に関する先駆的な研究と、新規抗癌剤エポチロンなどの天然物の合成に対して

Samuel J. Danishefsky (米国)
Laboratory Head, Bioorganic Chemistry Laboratory and Eugene W. Kettering Chair, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center; Professor, Department of Chemistry, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA (米国)

トピック: 有機化学合成、特に新しい方法の開発とそこから由来する多くの発見に対して

Dieter Seebach (スイス)
Professor, Emeritus, Laboratory of Organic Chemistry, Eidhenossiche Technische Hochschule, Zurich, Switzerland

トピック: 有機化学、有機金属化学、生理有機化学分野における幅広い貢献に対して

Barry M. Trost (米国)
Tamaki Professor of Humanities and Sciences, Department of Chemistry, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA

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経済学

ECONOMIC SCIENCES <経済学>

トピック: 国際貿易と経済的成長に対する貢献に対して

Elhanan Helpman (米国、イスラエル)
Galen L. Stone Professor of International Trade, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA; Emeritus Professor, Department of Economics, Tel Aviv University, Israel
Gene M. Grossman (米国)
Jacob Viner Professor of International Economics, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, USA; Professor, Department of Economics, Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, Princeton, NJ, USA

トピック: 産業組織と規制に関する研究に対して

Jean Tirole (フランス) 2014
Scientific Director, Institute of Industrial Economics, University of Social Sciences, Toulouse, France; Affiliated research member of CERAS, Paris, France

トピック: オークションのメカニズムに関する理論的および実践的な功績に対して

Robert B. Wilson (米国)
Adams Distinguished Professor of Management Emeritus, Stanford Graduate School of Business, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
Paul R. Milgrom (米国)
Shirley and Leonard Ely Professor of Humanities, Department of Economics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA

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医学・生理学

PHYSIOLOGY OR MEDICINE <医学・生理学>

トピック: 細胞内で遺伝子および代謝形質転換を編成する多様な核内ホルモン受容体の解明に対して

Pierre Chambon (フランス)
Former Director Institute of Genetics and Molecular and Cellular Biology Universite ouis Pasteur Strasbourg, France; and Professor, College de France Paris, France
Ronald M. Evans (米国)
Professor and March of Dimes Chair in Molecular and Developmental Biology Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, CA, USA Howard Hughes Medical Institute Investigator
Elwood V. Jensen (米国)
John and Gladys Strauss Professor of Cancer Research Vontz Center for Molecular Studies University of Cincinnati Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA; Charles Huggins Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA

トピック: 哺乳類の遺伝子解明に革命をもたらし、人間の遺伝疾患の直接治療(体細胞遺伝子治療)の希望を抱かせる、「遺伝子標的法」として知られる相同組み換え技術への貢献に対して

Mario R. Capecchi (米国) 2007
Distinguished Professor of Biology and Human Genetics and Co-Chairman Eccles Institute of Human Genetics, University of Utah Salt Lake City, UT Howard Hughes Medical Investigator
Sir Martin Evans, FRS (英国) 2007
Director of the School of Biosciences and Professor of Mammalian Genetics Cardiff University Cardiff, Wales, UK
Oliver Smithies (米国) 2007
Excellence Professor, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of North Carolina School of Medicine Chapel Hill, NC

トピック: DNA指紋鑑定法の先駆的な発明と、法医学的分析や遺伝疾患、ヒトゲノムの変異についての医学的研究・理解にいたるまでの実用化に対して

Sir Alec J. Jefferys, FRS (米国)
Professor Department of Genetics University of Leicester Leicester, UK

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物理学

PHYSICS <物理学>

トピック: 世界中で高速光ファイバー通信ネットワークに革命をもたらしたエルビウム添加ファイバー増幅器(EDFA)の開発に対して

中沢 正隆 (日本)
東北大学 電気通信研究所 教授
Emmanuel Desurvire (フランス)
Director Alcatel Technical Academy La Ville du Bois, France
David N. Payne, FRS (英国)
Professor and Director Optoelectronics Research Centre University of Southampton Southampton, UK

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トピック: インフレーション理論の構想(Guthによる)と、その後のさまざまな改良(主にLinde、Steinhardtによる)への貢献に対して

Alan H. Guth (米国)
Victor F. Weisskopf Professor of Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Cambridge, MA, USA
Andrei Linde (米国)
Professor of Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA
Paul J. Steinhardt (米国)
Albert Einstein Professor of Science Departments of Physics and of Astrophysical Sciences Princeton, NJ, USA

トピック: 重要で活発な研究分野を確立し、高密度情報蓄積の飛躍的進歩を導いた巨大磁気抵抗効果(Giant Magnetoresistance Effect:(GMR))の発見に対して

Albert Fert (フランス) 2007
Professor of Physics University of Paris-Sud Orsay, France
Peter Grünberg (ドイツ) 2007
Professor, Institute of Solid-State Physics Julich Research Center Julich, Germany
化学

CHEMISTRY <化学>

トピック: DNA、RNA、たんぱく質などよりも小さな低分子を用いて細胞回路と信号の伝達経路を解明、修正し、新しい重要な生化学分野の推進力となった先駆的な研究に対して

Gerald R. Crabtree (米国)
Professor of Pathology and Developmental Biology Stanford University School of Medicine Stanford, CA, USA Howard Hughes Medical Investigator
Stuart L. Schreiber (米国)
Morris Loeb Professor and Chair of the Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology Harvard University Cambridge, MA, USA Howard Hughes Institute Investigator

トピック: 有機金属化学および触媒に関する多くの影響力のある研究と、驚くべき電気的・機械的・界面的・光子的特徴を持つ新しい物質の研究に対して

Tobin J. Marks (米国)
Vladimir N. Ipatieff Professor of Catalytic Chemistry and Professor of Material Science and Engineering, Department of Chemistry Northwestern University Evanston, IL, USA

トピック: 広範囲にわたる有機合成化学への貢献、特に商業的にも人間の健康にも影響を及ぼす重要な天然生成物の合成に対して

David A. Evans (米国)
Abbott and James Lawrence Professor of Chemistry Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology Harvard University Cambridge, MA, USA
Steven V. Ley, CBE, FRS (米国)
BP [1702] Professor of Organic Chemistry University of Cambridge Cambridge, UK, and Fellow of Trinity College

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経済学

ECONOMIC SCIENCES <経済学>

トピック: 国際貿易理論への貢献に対して

Paul Krugman (米国) 2008
Professor Department of Economics and Woodrow Wilson School Princeton University Princeton, NJ, USA
Jagdish N. Bhagwati (米国)
University Professor, Department of Economics, Columbia University New York, NY, USA
Avinash K. Dixit (米国)
John J. F. Sherrerd ’52 University Professor of Economics Department of Economics Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, USA

トピック: 情報技術への投資と経済成長、また計量経済学で広く応用される技術のモデル化に関する貢献に対して

Dale W. Jorgenson (米国)
Samuel W. Morris University Professor, Department of Economics Harvard University Cambridge, MA, USA

トピック: 取引費用の経済学、契約、インセンティブとコーポレートガバナンスなどに関する貢献に対して

Oliver E. Williamson (米国) 2009
Edgar F. Kaiser Professor Emeritus of Business, Economics, and Law Haas School of Business and Department of Economics University of California Berkeley Berkeley, CA, USA
Oliver D. Hart (米国) 2016
Andrew E. Furer Professor of Economics Harvard University Cambridge, MA, USA
Bengt R. Holmstrom (米国) 2016
Paul A. Samuelson Professor of Economics and Chairman Department of Economics Massachusetts Institute of Technology Cambridge, MA, USA joint appointment with MIT’s Sloan School of Management

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医学・生理学

PHYSIOLOGY OR MEDICINE <医学・生理学>

トピック: 2つの基礎的生化学プロセスを明らかにした細胞シグナル伝達に関する画期的貢献(Berridge氏はセカンドメッセンジャーのイノシトール三リン酸に関する研究に対し、西塚氏はプロテインキナーゼCの発見と分析に対して)

西塚泰美 (日本)
神戸市 神戸大学名誉教授
Sir Michael J. Berridge, FRS (英国)
Deputy Scientific Director and Head, Molecular Signaling The Babraham Institute Babraham Cambridge, United Kingdom Honorary Professor of Department of Zoology University of Cambridge Cambridge, United Kingdom

トピック: 腫瘍形成における癌抑制遺伝子の役割の発見と解明

Alfred G. Knudson, Jr. (米国)
Senior Advisor to the President and Fox Distinguished Scientist Fox Chase Cancer Center Philadelphia, Pa.
Bert Vogelstein (米国)
Professor of Oncology and Pathology with a Joint Appointment in Molecular Biology and Genetics The Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins University Baltimore, Md. Howard Hughes Medical Institute Investigator
Robert A. Weinberg (米国)
Daniel K. Ludwig and American Cancer Society Professor for Cancer Research MIT Cambridge, Mass. Member Whitehead Institute Cambridge, Mass.

トピック: ヒトゲノムマッピングへの貢献

Francis S. Collins (米国)
Director, National Human Genome Research Institute Senior Investigator Genome Technology Branch National Institutes of Health Bethesda, Md.
Eric S. Lander (米国)
Professor of Biology MIT Cambridge, Mass. Director of the Whitehead Institute/MIT Center for Genome Research Whitehead Institute Cambridge, Mass.
J. Craig Venter (米国)
President The Center for Advancement of Genomics Institute for Biological Energy Alternatives, and Venter Science Foundation Rockville, Md.

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物理学

PHYSICS <物理学>

トピック: 窒化ガリウムを基盤とした半導体を用いた、青色レーザーおよび青、緑、白色発光ダイオード(LED)の発明--データ保存技術、すなわち発光デバイスにおける偉大な躍進に対して

中村修二 (日本) 2014
Professor, Materials Department Director of the Center for Solid State Lighting and Displays University of California, Santa Barbara Santa Barbara, Calif.

トピック: 超伝導化合物の発見を含む、強相関電子酸化物に関する傑出した研究、および巨大磁気抵抗現象に関する研究

十倉好紀 (日本)
東京 東京大学大学院工学系研究科 物理工学専攻 教授

トピック: ひも理論およびM理論に関する貢献

Michael B. Green, FRS (英国)
John Humphrey Plummer Professor of Theoretical Physics Theoretical High Energy Particle Physics Group University of Cambridge Cambridge, United Kingdom
John H. Schwarz (米国)
Harold Brown Professor of Theoretical Physics Division of Physics, Mathematics and Astronomy California Institute of Technology Pasadena, Calif.
Edward Witten (米国)
Charles Simonyi Professor School of Natural Sciences Institute for Advanced Study Princeton, N.J.

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化学

CHEMISTRY <化学>

トピック: ナノスケールの機械製造およびマイクロエレクトロニクスの大幅な発展を約束する、分子自己集合に関する先駆的研究

新海征治 (米国)
福岡市 九州大学大学院工学研究院 応用化学部門 教授
J. Fraser Stoddart (米国) 2016
Saul Winstein Professor of Organic Chemistry University of California at Los Angeles Los Angeles, Calif.
George M. Whitesides (米国)
Mallinckrodt Professor of Chemistry Harvard University Cambridge, Mass.

トピック: 有機物と天然物の合成に関する研究、特に1994年のタキソールTM全合成および 1998年~1999年のバンコマイシン全合成の達成

K.C. Nicolaou (米国)
Chairman, Department of Chemistry Aline W. and L.S. Skaggs Professor in Chemical Biology and Darlene Shiley Chair in Chemistry The Scripps Research Institute La Jolla, Calif. Professor of Chemistry University of California, San Diego San Diego, Calif.

トピック: 有用な触媒作用、特に高分子化(いわゆるリビング・ポリマーの生成)作用をもつ化合物の設計と合成における画期的研究

Robert H. Grubbs (米国) 2005
Victor and Elizabeth Atkins Professor of Chemistry Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering California Institute of Technology Pasadena, Calif.

トピック: For revolutionary advances in the use of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) to reveal the structure of large proteins in solution.

Adriaan Bax (米国)
Biophysical Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy Section Chief Laboratory of Chemical Physics National Institute for Diabetes & Digestive & Kidney Diseases National Institutes of Health Bethesda, MD USA

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経済学

ECONOMIC SCIENCES <経済学>

トピック: 株式収益と景気変動の関係を理解する上での独創性に富んだ貢献

Eugene F. Fama (米国) 2013
Robert R. McCormick Distinguished Service Professor of Finance Graduate School of Business University of Chicago Chicago, Ill.
Kenneth R. French (米国)
Carl E. and Catherine M. Heidt Professor of Finance Tuck School of Business Dartmouth College Hanover, N.H.

トピック: 多分野にわたる経験的マクロ経済学、特に1970年代の国庫借入金の研究における先駆的貢献

Robert J. Barro (米国)
Robert C. Waggoner Professor of Economics Harvard University Cambridge, Mass. Senior Fellow of the Hoover Institution Stanford, Calif.

トピック: 収穫逓増を示唆する「新成長理論(内生成長理論)」の提唱

Paul Michael Romer (米国)
Stanford University Graduate School of Business, and Hoover Institution Stanford, Calif.

トピック: 時系列分析および予測のための計量経済学に不可欠なテクニックである、共和分分析の開発

Clive W. J. Granger (米国) 2003
Department of Economics University of California, San Diego La Jolla, Calif.
Robert F. Engle (米国) 2003
Michael Armellino Professor in the Management of Financial Services New York University Stern School of Business New York, N.Y.

トピック: For outstanding research in behavior and decision-making that has formed a bridge between economics and psychology.

Daniel Kahneman (米国) 2002
Eugene Higgins Professor of Psychology and Professor of Public Affairs Woodrow Wilson School Princeton University Princeton, NJ USA
Richard H. Thaler (米国)
Robert P. Gwinn Professor of Behavioral Science and Economics Graduate School of Business University of Chicago Chicago, IL USA

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